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post classical era summary

1 grudnia 2020 By Brak komentarzy

a. Chinese characters in written language a. iii. 2. a. 1192 – power goes to Shogun – chief general The empire began to split due to wars over succession, as the grandchildren of Genghis Khan disputed whether the royal line should follow from his son and initial heir Ögedei, or one of his other sons such as Tolui, Chagatai, or Jochi. 53. 1. King Jayavarman II constructed over a hundred hospitals throughout his realm. B.  Chinese influence on surrounding areas and its limits 5. Post Class Notes 1. Once you have relationship, you can consider investment e. Free education in Muslim schools Reading: Mongols in China. c. 622 – Travelled/flight to Yahtrib – Medina China during Ming Dynasty Wu Zhao – first empress of China a. Christianity This video goes over the Americas in the classical era and major trade routes, technology, and societies of the post classical era 3. a. Mediterranean – western Europe, Byzantine Empire, Islamic Empire b. a. Especially in Europe, the Little Ice Age had great cultural ramifications. Paid head tax for each person not Muslim [101] Because these states competed with each other they all were eventually annexed by the rising Mongol Empire before 1279. a. 3. 1. i. Persia became Muslim b. Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf/Red Sea Often, ideas traveled along thes… [59] This time would be a major underlying cause for the Renaissance. In the 14th century, the growing season in Europe became unreliable; meanwhile in China the cultivation of oranges was driven southward by colder temperatures. b. On the settled islands some Polynesian groups became distinct from one another. It is believed that half the Byzantine Empire was destroyed in the 6th century, a total of 100 million deaths.". 1. iv. 2. b. 6000 miles abandoned polytheism in favor of monotheism. In which postclassical civilization did women enjoy the highest status, in general? In the assessment of James Belich, John Darwin, Margret Frenz, and Chris Wickham, Global history may be boundless, but global historians are not. Early on – Shinto religion ii. In the eastern United States, rivers were the medium of trade and communication. The turn of the 16th century would see the rise of a new Islamic Empire – the Mughals and the establishment of European trade posts by the Portuguese.[76]. Primary supplier of gold to world Haydn suggested at the start of the published score of his "Oxford" Symphony that if the work were given even one rehearsal, it would be better served than if it were read cold at the concert. Chinese junks – huge boats Greek logic, particularly Aristotle penetrated Muslim thought The Inca Empire is known for some of its magnificent structures, such as Machu Picchu in the Cusco region. Carried by caravan to Europe – misnomer as Arabic b. Chan/Zen Buddhism    c. Heian Period – “city of peace” b. The Plague of Justinian originated in East Asia and had a major outbreak in Europe in 542 causing the deaths of a quarter of the Mediterranean's population. Allowed Christians and Jews to rule selves One reason offered for the expansion of the Inca state was. e. Construction of fortresses - protection a. The Mayans had an upper caste of priests, who were well versed in astronomy, mathematics and writing. [109] Originating in the steppes of Central Asia, the Mongol Empire eventually stretched from Central Europe to the Sea of Japan, extending northwards into Siberia, eastwards and southwards into the Indian subcontinent, Indochina, and the Iranian plateau, and westwards as far as the Levant and Arabia. b. later -  those conquered “encouraged” to convert – create common faith [15] Understanding of communication within Sub-Saharan Africa or the Americas is, by contrast, far more limited.[16]. d. From China – silk, porcelain, paper – Japan – silver e. Over time, changed – more structure, patriarchal a. elected by men, 1. 600 c.e.-1450 Post Classical Era Overview of Chapters 12-20 Gazdzik’s AP World History 2. Some historians argue that the Mongols invasion was the most significant change brought on by trade networks during the Post-Classical Era. 9. calendar 1. condemned scientific and cultural borrowing from non-Muslim sources. built classical civilizations without cultural diffusion from other civilizations. The Post-Classical Era Unit 3 ... Changes and Continuities What aspects of civilization have changed in a region from the previous time period? Increased tenfold Merchants played a central role and were given high social status in all of the following areas except: Which of the following rulers is not correctly paired with the empire they ruled? [105] After revolution in 1368 the succeeding Ming dynasty ushered in a period of prosperity and brief foreign expeditions before isolating itself from global affairs for centuries. [106], Korea and Japan however continued to have relations with China and with other Asian countries. a. Arabian Nights Caliphate – theocratic Islamic Empire The creation of the Islamic Empires established a new power in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia. a. the low level of European technology. 5. [51] Ruled by religious Christian Orthodox emperors the Byzantine Eastern Orthodox Church Christianized the Kieven Rus, who were the foundation of modern-day Russia and Ukraine. Which religious schism stemmed from disputes over legitimate succession of leadership? 3. a. salt Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca if able Persians challenged by Seljuk Turks Recent history-writing, therefore, has begun to explore how it might be possible meaningfully to write history that spans the Old World, where human activities were fairly interconnected, and establishes its relationship with other worlds, such as the Americas and Oceania. Large core of educated, talented, loyal government workers Musically, most regions of the world only used melodies as opposed to harmony. The degree of climate change which occurred in all regions across the world is uncertain, as is whether such changes were all part of a global trend. 3. [14] Correspondingly, research into the network of commercial hubs which enabled goods and ideas to move between China in the East and the Atlantic islands in the West—which can be called the early history of globalization—is fairly advanced; one key historian in this field is Janet Abu-Lughod. Victor Lieberman, ‘Charter State Collapse in Southeast Asia, c.1250–1400, as a Problem in Regional and World History’, American Historical Review, cxvi (2011), 937–63. Institutions of higher learning Paper money Which of the following does not belong in a list of similarities in the process of how Islam spread to South Asia, Southeast Asia and Africa? 1. Which global force was the first to consistently integrate sub-Saharan Africa into a global network of exchange and ideas? 5. a. Stable bureaucratic system based on civil service exam (started in Han) Though a theocracy, tolerant of local customs [154] Pottery indicates a society that was becoming more complex, turkeys for the first time in the continental United States were also domesticated. 3. Source :, Web site link to visit:, Google key word : Post classical era summary study guide file type : doc, Author : not indicated on the source document of the above text. Jan 1, 632. 2. Some even went on Crusades It was dominated by Malay sailors. c. goal – become part of kami by following rituals/customs In the period between 600 and 1450 5. c. Plague spread d. sternpost rudders While the Byzantine Roman and Sassanid Persian empires were both weakened by the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628, a new power in the form of Islam grew in the Middle East under Muhammad in Medina. The role of nomads peaked. b. In the 5th century, the Middle East was separated by empires and their spheres of influence; the two most prominent were the Persian Sasanian Empire, centered in what is now Iran, and the Byzantine Empire in Anatolia (modern-day Turkey). a. Muhammad’s wife Khadija – also his boss, businesswoman Although later civilizations in Mesoamerica borrowed and built on the previous accomplishments of the Olmecs and Maya, later civilizations. 3. end of government-controlled markets/ started privately owned shops c. All people equal before God [1] Outside of world history, the term is also sometimes used to avoid erroneous pre-conceptions around the terms Middle Ages, Medieval and the Dark Ages (see Medievalism), though the application of the term post-classical on a global scale is also problematic, and may likewise be Eurocentric.[7]. The stage for the Post-Classical Era was set by the same developments that ended its predecessor – the decline and end of classical empires. 5. iron manufacturing Wanted to use money to protect against nomadic invasions a. Charlemagne from Europe chose Arab doctors Broad-based expansion of literacy among the masses. 3. I. a. After 1200 – world interconnected [131], The term Post-Classical Science is often used in academic circles and in college courses to combine the study of medieval European science and medieval Islamic science due to their interactions with one another. Unit 3 Post classical Era Timeline created by Jorge5939. 100 cities joined league Bound since birth – wouldn’t grow with body Fundamental to their conquest, was the use of political terror in the sense that the Aztec leaders and priests would command the human sacrifice of their subjugated people as means of humility and coercion. 2. [164] After his death in 947, civil wars of religious character broke out between those who supported and opposed Topiltzin's teachings. If you want to quickly find the pages about a particular topic as Post classical era summary study guide use the following search engine: Terms of service and privacy page, Buying/trading goods big incentive for interactions, If self-sufficient, you can life in isolation, Middle zone controlled by various Indian kingdoms, Trade routes connected ports in western India to Persian Gulf, Connected China to Mediterranean since era of Roman Empire, Used heavily 1200-1600 – reign of the Mongols, Egypt allowed to exist under Islamic empire, Myth of Ethiopian wealth led to Prestor John myth, Genghis Khan – Chingiss Khan – “Limitless strength” + “ruler”, concentrated light rations for troops on horseback, Sometimes adopted religions of those they conquered, Better technology – social and cultural advancements, Postal system – message carried on horseback – yam – Pony Express, “One can conquer an empire on horseback, but one cannot govern that empire from horseback.”, After Kublai Khan died, leadership weak/ineffective. iii. Post classical Era Jan 1, 618. a. In Oceania some of the island chains of Polynesia and Micronesia also engaged in trade with one another. [180] In exploring and settling, Polynesian settlers did not strike at random but used their knowledge of wind and water currents to reach their destinations.[181]. serfs were ethnically Europeans while slaves were Muslims, pagans, and Africans. From the 7th through the 10th Tang China was focused on securing the Silk Road as the selling of its goods westwards was central to the nation's economy. [194] Spanish Explorer Ferdinand Magellan performed the first known circumnavigation of Earth in 1521. led religious wars against Christians in Europe and the Middle East. 1. art, science, philosophy, porcelain making, silk weaving, transportation systems The Christian Crusades into the Middle East (as well as Muslim Spain and Sicily) brought Islamic science, technology, and goods to Western Europe. Marco Polo a. Nestorians, Manicheans, Zoroastrians, Islam Ruthless warriors, highly organized, highly mobile 5. PART 3: THE POST-CLASSICAL ERA [55] After 1000 the Christian kingdoms that had emerged from Rome's collapse changed dramatically in their cultural and societal character. Practical inventions for navigation/economy Flowering of culture pronounced in al-Andalus – Islamic Spain Migration of the center of power from Kiev to Moscow, Permanent separation of Russian culture from that of the West, Incorporation of animism into Russian Orthodoxy. Imports – more useful metals Network of inns/postal stations for communication Eventually unite with Turks [166] Societies were often based on strict social hierarchies and economic redistribution from the ruling class. This period saw no major environmental changes nor were any fundamental new technologies introduced. d. Caliphs began to behave like monarchs During the Classical era, composers began to exert more influence over performances of their music. East Asia experienced the full establishment of power of Imperial China, which established several prosperous dynasties influencing Korea, Vietnam, and Japan. Beginning of calendar b. [32] Records show that the world's average temperature remained colder for at least a century afterwards. Batu forced to return after Ogodei’s death In the far South the Kingdom of Vijanyagar was not conquered by any Muslim state in the period. c. Criss-crossed by trade routes [185], As the postclassical era drew to a close in the 15th century, many of the empires established throughout the period were in decline. Struggles of the Abassids Review 1 Foundations and Classical Period - Duration: 39:44. c. Testimony in court half weight of man 6. Trading crossroads [98] The advances of the Song in the 11th/12th centuries have been considered an early industrial revolution. 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