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 After playing with colours, and cleaning up, people bathe, put on clean clothes, and visit friends and family. Phagwa is celebrated with a lot of colour and splendour, along with the singing on traditional Phagwah songs or Chowtal (gana). Trees and plants start blossoming from the day of Basant and start bearing fruit by Holi. , In Punjab, the eight days preceding Holi are known as luhatak. But what is Holi and why do Indians celebrate it? The burning of Holika is celebrated as Holi. People celebrate Holi by splashing colours on each other and exchanging sweets. Phagwah is a national holiday in Guyana, and peoples of all races and religions participate in the celebrations. A., Ali, M., Khursheed, A., & Kazmi, A. In some places, there is a custom in undivided Hindu families that the woman beats her brother-in-law with a sari rolled up into a rope in a mock rage and tries to drench him with colours, and in turn, the brother-in-law brings sweets (Indian desserts) to her in the evening. It is a part of the Goan or Konkani spring festival known as Śigmo or शिगमो in Koṅkaṇī or Śiśirotsava, which lasts for about a month. But the plan failed. In West Bengal, Holi is known by the name of "Dol Jatra", "Dol Purnima" or the "Swing Festival". In recent decades, Yaosang, a type of Indian sport, has become common in many places of the valley, where people of all ages come out to participate in a number of sports that are somewhat altered for the holiday. Dola Melana, processions of the deities are celebrated in villages and bhoga is offered to the deities. Thousands gather to witness the Lath Mar Holi when women beat up men with sticks as those on the sidelines become hysterical, sing Holi songs and shout "Sri Radhey" or "Sri Krishna". Holi Festival – 30 Reasons Why to Celebrate Holi, A Colourful Festival? Holi is a religious Hindu festival that originated in India, but is also widely celebrated in other parts of South Asia, including Nepal and Pakistan, as well as by Hindus all over the world. The songs are sung in a particular sequence depending on the time of day; for instance, at noon the songs are based on Peelu, Bhimpalasi and Sarang ragas, while evening songs are based on the ragas such as Kalyan, Shyamkalyan and Yaman. Groups of boys and men climb on each other's shoulders to form pyramids to reach and break it, while girls and women sing songs and throw coloured water on the pyramid to distract them and make their job harder. Although a Hindu festival, Holi is celebrated by Indians across the country and is a great equalizer. People visit family, friends and foes come together to throw coloured powders on each other, laugh and gossip, then share Holi delicacies, food and drinks. According to the Hindu legend, Holi is celebrated a day and a night. On the evening of the first day people light the bonfire. , In North and Western India, Holi frolic and celebrations begin the morning after the Holika bonfire. Mathura is the main location to celebrate, but it is celebrated in other parts of India as well. , Holi Milan is also observed in Bihar, where family members and well-wishers visit each other's family, apply colours (abeer) on each other's faces, and on feet, if elderly.  The Kama legend and its significance to Holi has many variant forms, particularly in South India. Since the Hindu calendar is a lunar calendar and the Gregorian calendar is a solar one, t… It starts on the evening, known as Holika Dahan Evening and the following day where people play with the Colors. The festival is celebrated every alternate year in the town, which attracts a large number of tourists from different parts of India..  The festival signifies the triumph of good over evil. , Holi is celebrated by the minority Hindu population in Pakistan. " Elsewhere in Punjab, Holi was also associated with making fools of others. It is considered one of the most exhilarating religious holidays in existence. The day the holika is burnt is called "Choti Holi", literally meaning, "Small Holi". It is often celebrated on the full moon (the Phalguna Purnima) before the beginning of the Vernal Equinox as based on the Hindu calendar. The love god shoots arrows at Shiva, the yogi opens his third eye and burns Kama to ashes. "Witness the beauty of the great cupid festival which excites curiosity as the townsfolk are dancing at the touch of brownish water thrown ... Everything is colored yellowish red and rendered dusty by the heaps of scented powder blown all over," wrote Harsha. Here, though, it is largely known as Phagwa... more Holi in United Kingdom Hindus settled in UK do not miss out the excitement of Holi celebrations and enjoy to the hilt. It is an important major Nepal-wide festival along with Dashain and Tihar (Dipawali). Some of the traditional natural plant-based sources of colours are:.  It is also celebrated with great fervour in Mauritius. Holi is known by three names: Kamavilas, Kaman Pandigai and Kama-Dahanam. It is celebrated by the Hindus and marks the Hindu festival of colors. The Mela is held at various ghats along the banks of the River Ganga in Kanpur, to celebrate the Hindus and Muslims who together resisted the British forces in the city in 1857. The boy who finally manages to break the pot is crowned the Holi King.  This ritual sport continues in Hindu diaspora communities. As well as celebrating the fecundity of the earth, Holi recognizes the triumph of good and knowledge of evil and ignorance.  Visitors to homes are first teased with colours, then served with Holi delicacies (such as puranpoli, dahi-bada and gujia), desserts and drinks. , In the Braj region of India, where the Hindu deity Krishna grew up, the festival is celebrated until Rang Panchmi in commemoration of the divine love of Radha for Krishna. As the spring-blossoming trees that once supplied the colours used to celebrate Holi have become rarer, chemically produced industrial dyes have been used to take their place in almost all of urban India.  In his youth, Krishna despaired whether the fair-skinned Radha would like him because of his dark skin colour. , There have been concerns that these events appropriate and trivialise aspects of Holi for commercial gain—downplaying or completely ignoring the cultural and spiritual roots of the celebration. Held in New Delhi, it is a carnival with non-toxic colors, street food, thandai (a yogurt drink with spices), dance and music (from folk to rock music) to get everyone in the mood. In Northern parts of India, Children and youth spray coloured powder solutions (gulal) at each other, laugh and celebrate, while adults smear dry coloured powder (abir) on each other's faces. Due to the commercial availability of attractive pigments, slowly the natural colours are replaced by synthetic colours. , Holi is an important spring festival for Hindus, a national holiday in India and Nepal with regional holidays in other countries. Days before the festival people start gathering wood and combustible materials for the bonfire in parks, community centers, near temples and other open spaces. Harvard University Press, Sekhon, Iqbal Singh (2000) The Punjabis. Various old editions of Oxford English Dictionary mention it, but with varying, phonetically derived spellings: Houly (1687), Hooly (1698), Huli (1789), Hohlee (1809), Hoolee (1825), and Holi in editions published after 1910. While West Bengal celebrates Holi as Dol Jatra with singing and dancing, the people of South India worship the God of love, Kamadeva, on Holi. Religion, society, and culture of the Punjabis. Though the study found that the pigment did not penetrate through the cornea, malachite green is of concern and needs further study. People throw colours and get their targets completely coloured up. Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images AsiaPac/Getty Images. Phagan, also written as Phalgan, is the last month of the Hindu calendar. , Folk theatrical performances known as swang or nautanki take place during Holi, with the latter originating in the Punjab. Holi along with Diwali for Hindus, and Easter for Christians, was adopted as public holiday resolution by Pakistan's parliament in 2016, giving the local governments and public institutions the right to declare Holi as a holiday and grant leave for its minority communities, for the first time. Some of the places known to celebrate Holi are New Brunswick (NJ), Spanish Fork (Utah), Houston (TX), Dallas (TX), South El Monte (CA), Milpitas (CA), Boston (MA), Potomac (MD), and Chicago (IL). Some are producing and marketing ranges of safer colours derived from natural sources such as vegetables and flowers.. For the film, see, Since ancient times, the Indian subcontinent has had several major, The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998). King Hiranyakashipu, according to a legend found in chapter 7 of Bhagavata Purana, was the king of demonic Asuras, and had earned a boon that gave him five special powers: he could be killed by neither a human being nor an animal, neither indoors nor outdoors, neither at day nor at night, neither by astra (projectile weapons) nor by any shastra (handheld weapons), and neither on land nor in water or air. On the last day of the festival, large processions are taken out to the main Krishna temple near Imphal where several cultural activities are held. COSMOS, Proceedings – Punjab History Conference (2000) Publication Bureau, Punjabi University, Bose, Nirmal Kumar (1929) Cultural Anthropology: And Other Essays. Holi is an annual Hindu festival which is celebrated in India and Nepal during the spring. Not only it is a season of romance and excitement, folk songs and dances, it is also an occasion of playing with powder, perfumes, and colours. Holi in India is a grand affair and is celebrated with great fervor and gusto. In urban areas, some people wear nose masks and sunglasses to avoid inhaling pigments and to prevent chemical exposure to eyes. These arts add to the festive atmosphere. , The festival has many purposes; most prominently, it celebrates the beginning of Spring. Dwarka, a coastal city of Gujarat, celebrates Holi at the Dwarkadheesh temple and with citywide comedy and music festivities. Wendy Doniger (Editor), Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions, 2000. It is also considered the beginning of the year, as it occurs on the first day of the Hindu calendar year (Panchang).  There is a symbolic myth behind commemorating Krishna as well. The colours are sold without labeling, and the consumer lacks information about the source of the colours, their contents, and possible toxic effects. Holi is celebrated with great gusto much in the same way all across North India.. They sing and dance to the accompaniment of musical instruments, such as the ektara, dubri, and Veena. On the eve of Phalgun Poornima, people light bonfires. Holi is one of the major festivals of Hindus. The devotees take turns to swing them while women dance around the swing and sing devotional songs. Barsana, a town near Mathura in the Braj region of Uttar Pradesh, celebrates Lath mar Holi in the sprawling compound of the Radha Rani temple. , A number of Holi-inspired social events have also surfaced, particularly in Europe and the United States, often organised by companies as for-profit or charity events with paid admission, and with varying scheduling that does not coincide with the actual Holi festival. Holi is the colorful event held every year and is referred as the festival of many colors. The next day is called "Rangwali Holi", meaning the "Holi of colors." The Holi rituals and customs outside South Asia also vary with local adaptations. 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